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Countries for children to know around the world (Part 1)

A country refers to a plot of land that is governed by their governments


A country do not refer to territories that are dependent or independent of political interest, or tied with interest under the international law. WorldData.info defined a country as an area that has a country code in the ISO 3166-1.


Regions are defined as an encyclopedic entry, where common features are found in the land area. Common features either include natural or artificial features on the land.


There are different regions around the world, which is known as:


● East Asia and Pacific

● Europe and Central Asia

● Latin America and Caribbean

● Middle East and North America

● North America

● South Asia

● Sub-Saharan Africa


There are many countries in the East Asia and Pacific. Those countries are:


  1. Australia

  2. Brunei

  3. Myanmar (Known as Burma)

  4. Cambodia

  5. China (Include Hong King Special Administrative Region & Macau Special Administrative Region)

  6. East Timor

  7. Fiji

  8. Indonesia

  9. Japan

  10. Laos

  11. Malaysia

  12. Marshall Islands

  13. Micronesia

  14. Mongolia

  15. Nauru

  16. New Zealand

  17. North Korea

  18. Palau

  19. Papua New Guinea

  20. Philippines

  21. Samoa

  22. Singapore

  23. Solomon Islands

  24. South Korea

  25. Taiwan

  26. Thailand

  27. Tonga

  28. Tuvalu

  29. Vanuatu

  30. Vietnam


Countries in Oceania

There are various countries that are listed above located in Oceania. Those countries are:


  1. Australia

  2. Land of Fiji

  3. Marshall Islands

  4. Micronesia

  5. Nauru

  6. New Zealand

  7. Palau

  8. Papua New Guinea

  9. Samoa

  10. Solomon Islands

  11. Tonga

  12. Tuvalu

  13. Vanuatu


Location and flag of the countries in Oceania in the world map




Australia is located between the Pacific and Indian oceans, in the South Hemisphere. It is the smallest continent, but one of the largest country on Earth.


The capital of Australia - Canberra, is located in the southeast between Sydney and Melbourne, which are the significant economic and cultural centres.


Australia is fairly isolated from other continents in the world. The animal and plant lifeforms are unique, such as the growth of eucalyptus tree, Great Barrier Reef, and mammals that lay eggs (platypus and echidna)


There is a federal form of government in Australia, divided into national government for the Commonwealth of Australia and individual states of governments. It is located in New South Wales, Victoria, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia and Tasmania. There is a constitution in each state, where the state government has a limited degree of sovereignty.


Australia was once part of the British Empire. Presently, they are a member of the Commonwealth.




The land of Fiji is a country and an archipelago that is located in the South Pacific Ocean. The country surrounds the Koro Sea, which is an estimate of 1,300 miles (2,092.15 kilometres) away from the north of Auckland, New Zealand.


The 300 islands and 540 islets are separated, only 100 out of the 300 islands are inhabited.


Suva, the capital of Fiji, is located on the southeast coast of the biggest island, which is known as Viti Levu (“Great Fiji”).




Marshall Islands is known as the Republic of the Marshall Islands, a country that is located in the centre of the Pacific Ocean.


There are more than 1,200 islands and islets in the Marshall Islands, some of the islands are from the easternmost of Micronesia.


The nominal capital of the Republic of the Marshall Islands is known as Majuro atoll. The location of the government offices are in the town of Delap-Uliga-Djarrit, which is an island that were once separated into three parts.




Micronesia is a country that is located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean. There are more than 600 islands and islets within the Caroline Islands archipelago.


The islands and islets are separated along the cultural and linguistic lines, into the states of Yap. Chuuk, Pohnpei and Kosrae.


The capital of Micronesia, Palikir, is located on the island of Pohnpei.



Nauru is an island country that is located in the southwest of Pacific Ocean. The island country is a raised coral island, located in the southeast of Micronesia, which is 25 miles (40.23 kilometres) away from the south of the equator.


There is no official capital in Nauru, the government offices are located in the district of Yaren.



New Zealand, known as Māori Aotearoa, is an island country that is located in the South Pacific Ocean (Southwest of Polynesia).


It is a remote island, with sizable areas suitable for populating and settling habitations, is more than 1,000 miles (1,609.34 kilometres) away from Australia.


New Zealand is separated into two main islands, the North, and the South Island.


Wellington, which is the capital and is the largest urban area in Auckland, is located on the northern island.


Palau is a country that is located in the western part of the Pacific Ocean. There are more than 340 coral and volcanic islands that are perched on the Kyushu-Palau Ridge.


The Palau archipelago, known as Belau or Pelew, is located in the southwest of Micronesia. It is surrounded by Guam, Papua New Guinea, and the Philippines.


A huge barrier reef system circles around most of the Palau archipelago, unbroken from the west and separated in the east.


The islands that are mostly populated are Babelthuap (known as Babeldaob), Koror, Malakal, Arakabesan, and Peleliu.


The island that is scarcely populated is the Kayangel Islands, which is located at the north of Babelthuap. Raised coral islands of Angaur, Sonsorol, Pulo Anna and Tobi south of Peleliu are found to be located on the exterior of the barrier reef system.


Papua New Guinea is an island country that is located in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean. The island country is enclosed by the eastern half of New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Bougainville and Buka, along with small offshore islands and atolls.


The national capital of Papua New Guinea, Port Moresby, is situated at the southeast of New Guinea, which is on the Coral Sea.


Samoa is a country that is located in the centre of South Pacific Ocean, amidst the western parts of the island countries of Polynesia.


Culture in Samoa is important to the Polynesian life. Music, dance and visual arts from Samoa are well-known in the Pacific islands and the world.


The international image of Samoa is focused on paradise that is tropical and occupied by people who are friendly with tourists while wearing the flower wreaths.


The capital of Samoa is Apia, which is the main commercial centre, located on the island of Upolu.


Solomon Islands is a country located in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean. The country has volcanic islands that are double chained and coral atolls that are situated in Melanesia.


The capital and the widest city of the Solomon Islands, Honiara, is located on Guadalcanal Island’s north coast.


Tonga is known as the Kingdom of Tonga, Tongan Fakatu‘i ‘o Tonga, or Friendly Islands. It is a country situated in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean.


The country has 170 islands that are separated into three groups of main islands, which are known as Tongatapu (South), Ha’apai (Centre), and Vava’u (North).


The capital of Tonga, Nuku’alofa, is located on the island of Tongatapu. Other islands that are isolated - Niuafo‘ou, Niuatoputapu, and Tafahi, are located far in the north and south.



Tuvalu, formerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a country located in the west and central part of the Pacific Ocean.

The country have nine coral islands that are tiny, scattered in a chain, which is reclining on the northwest to the southwest.


Government offices are located in the village of Vaiaku, which is the de facto capital in Tuvalu. The de facto capital is situated on Fongafale islet, which is a constituent of Funafuti Atoll.



Vanuatu is a country located in the southwest of the Pacific Ocean, that has a chain of 13 principal and small islands, 500 miles (804.67 kilometres) from the west of the Land of Fiji and 1,100 miles (1,770.28 kilometres) from the east of Australia.


The biggest capital and city in Vanuatu, Port-Vila, is situated on Éfaté.



I hope the information available helps you to understand information about different countries in Oceania. As this article may serve as an aid to help you introduce the various countries in Oceania to your child.














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You can visit us at the following venues:


Nurture Infant House (2 to 18 months Infants)

Blk 433 Tampines Street 43 #01-61 Singapore 520433



Genesis Childcare 1989 (Playgroup to Kindergarten 2)

Blk 433 Tampines Street 43 #01-63/65 Singapore 520433


Opening hours: Monday to Friday (7am to 7pm) & Saturday (7am to 2pm)


Public Bus services: 8 / 21 / 28 / 29 / 293


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